# wedge mechanical advantage

From a geometrical standpoint, the longer and thinner the wedge, the greater the mechanical advantage it … • The longer and thinner a wedge is, the greater its mechanical advantage. IMA = D I /D O The wedge is probably the first simple machine to ever be used, and relevant evidences are present in the form of crude hand axes and arrow heads made during the Stone Age. The smaller the angle, the less the force required to move the wedge … a. Therefore, mechanical advantage for a wedge equals length divided by width, not length of slope divided by width (or "thickness" ?? The mechanical advantage of a simple machine is the factor by which it multiplies the force applied to the machine. Calculating the mechanical advantage of a wedge is the same as calculating the mechanical advantage for an inclined plane. n. 250. lb 700. lb 700. lb R E F AMA = F What is the AMA of the wedge on the right? Power. Actual mechanical advantage takes into consideration real world factors such as energy lost in friction. 26. Q. Because a certain amount of the input force is needed to overcome friction, and this amount is unknown, it can be difficult to measure actual mechanical advantage. The steep angle of the sloping surface needs a greater effort to lift the load compared to the previous wedge. It is the ratio of the output force to the input force. Wedges are also used to lift objects. In most practical cases the mechanical advantage of a wedge is greater than one. Despite this, one reason that many splitting wedges have a wide angle is that an elastic material, such as wood, will bind a narrow wedge more readily than a wide wedge. This wedge has sloped sides. In this illustration, the tip of a nail represents the wedge. So the short fat wedge will face a lot more resistance (Imagine splitting firewood with a wedge and sledgehammer). ... d. mechanical advantage. Consequently the mechanical advantage of the wedge is given by: Using this information, engineers can design a wedge with a variable mechanical advantage by simply adjusting its physical dimensions. Wedge. The ideal mechanical advantage MAof a wedge is the ratio of the depth of penetration dpto the amount of separation ds: S As an example, assume that the length of the slope is 10 inches and the thickness is 4 inches. These planes meet and form a sharp edge. Sketch and annotate the screw system described above. The mechanical advantage of a wedge is the length of the sloping side of the wedge and divide it by the length of the thick end of the wedge. What is the ideal mechanical advantage of the wedge? The inclined plane is simply a flat surface raised at an angle, like a ramp. According … • The ideal mechanical advantage of a wedge is determined by dividing the length of the wedge by its width. Inclined plane. The simple machines are the inclined plane, lever, wedge, wheel and axle, pulley, and screw. The mechanical advantage is equal to 10/4 or 2 1/2. Let's see if we can do another mechanical advantage problem. Therefore the formula for a wedge is: The more acute the angle of the wedge, the more mechanical advantage it will have. It can be used to raise a heavy load over a short distance or to split a log. The mechanical advantage of a wedge depends on the ratio of its length to its thickest part. The kinds of devices that are characterized by simple working mechanisms, which make it easier for us to accomplish various tasks, are called simple machines. A wedge is a triangular shaped tool, and is a portable inclined plane, and one of the six classical simple machines.It can be used to separate two objects or portions of an object, lift up an object, or hold an object in place. The ideal mechanical advantage (IMA) of a wedge depends on the angle of the thin end. They are useful because they can make physical jobs easier, by changing the magnitude or direction of the force, or the distance that the force is applied over. Blunt/Wide. The wedge embodies the same principles as the inclinein the sense that a smaller force working over a longer distance can produce a larger force acting through a small distance. The included simple machines are levers, pulleys, wheels and axles, inclined planes, wedges, and screws. Machines is an event in which competitors take a written test and use a homemade lever/lever system to determine the ratios of unknown masses. They are the simplest mechanisms known that can use leverage (or mechanical advantage) to increase force. Mechanical Advantage • The mechanical advantage of the wedge and the inclined plane are similar. This is why splitting mauls have a much larger angle than an axe. Compound machinesare made of two or more si… They will make you ♥ Physics. 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